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The Gulf Conference on Environment and Sustainability

3rd – 5th December, 2005


Under his excellency Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defence, Chairman of the Supreme Council for the Environment in the state of Kuwait, The Gulf Conference on Environment and Sustainability was held during the period from 3rd to the 5th of December, 2005 in Crowne Plaza Hotel under the sponsorship of Wataniya Environmental Services Co. (W.E.S.) in cooperation with Regional Organization for the Protection of Marine Environment (ROPME).


The Conference participants consisted of 275 researchers and 98 scientific papers were presented in which all disciplines of environment were covered (local, regional and international). The research papers varied from Coastal Zone Management, air pollution, soil, ground water, municipal and industrial treatment for liquid waste and sewage, islands, desertification, mining and impact of development on the environment. The conference also discussed subjects concerning curriculum, education, fish kill, red tide, legislation, environmental laws and enforcements, public awareness and bird flu.


Conference Overview:

The Gulf Conference on Environment and Sustainability will cover a wide range of environmental issues that will be presented in scientific papers by different scientists and experts. The conference focuses on three important themes: Environment pollution – ongoing and future potentials; Monitoring, rehabilitation, protection; Role of private sectors, NGO’s and public in sustainability. The Conference activities will also include two workshops on Oil Spills Contingency plants and remote sensing applications; an open round table discussion on: “Environmental Expenditure… is a long term investment”, and an exhibition to display most of the environmental products, equipment and systems.




1- Progressive status regarding Environmental Issues & Concerns.
2- Joint Cooperation between the Gulf States.
3- Identify the Environmental problems in the Gulf Region & Arab States.
4- Exchange ideas and knowledge through on going projects & research.
5- To view all Gulf & Arab States’ position on Environment related Convention & Legislation.
6- Cooperation between government institutes and NGO’s to view environmental curriculums.


Session 1: Environmental Pollution, Ongoing & Future Potential

  1. Sewage Containment & Treatment.
  2. Impacts of Dredging & Landfill.
  3. Oil Exploration
  4. Trolling / Endangered Species.
  5. Industrial Waste.
  6. Impact of Rapid Developments.
  7. Hazardous and Non-Hazardous Waste.
  8. Medical Waste Incinerators & New Technology.
  9. Fish Kill & Red Tide.
  10. Agriculture (Land & Water)

Session 2: Monitoring, Rehabilitation & Protection

  1. Various monitoring equipment & sampling techniques.
  2. Rehabilitation of Polluted Sites.
  3. Environmental Impact Assessments.
  4. Protection of Islands, Shorelines & Utilities.
  5. Legislation & Regulations.
  6. Enforcement of Laws & Legal Actions.
  7. Role of Judiciary in developing environmental laws.
  8. Numerical Models & Techniques.
  9. Legislations for Natural Preserved Sites.
  10. Preservation of the Eco Systems.



Session 3: Role of Private, Public & NGO’s in Sustainability

  1. Joint Cooperation between NGO’s.
  2. Role of Public and Private Sectors.
  3. Importance of Curriculums.
  4. Programs / Projects / Activities & NGO’s.
  5. Public Awareness & Media Support.
  6. T.V & Radio Programs.
  7. Activities of Local Volunteers.
  8. Programs for Decision Makers.
  9. Contribution / Donation of Funds.
  10. Environmental Websites


The Conference was sponsored by


During the three days of discussion and interpretation, the conference recommends the following:


1. Public Awareness and Curriculum


Increase Public awareness through media and enhancing the programs to the youth and students at the level of general educations and colleges; encouragement of NGOs and volunteers and providing them with necessary needs, mostly with manpower and finance; link curriculum with local, regional and international environmental concerns; encouragement of research on environmental issues; introducing environmental prospective in the curriculum; enhancement of college centers of excellency in regards with environment; train local volunteers on follow-up, investigations and environmental impact assessment. Sincere thanks from the conference to the large role played by the center of volunteers under the supervision of Shaikha Amthal Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah.


2. Air Pollution and Sewage


One of the main concerns discussed is air pollution and the control of stack emission from power stations, refineries and vehicles. The conference recommended that crude oil must be limited in sulphur content and cut down to less than 1% to minimize the impact of emission to the environment; request all local industries to separate industrial liquid from sewage dump, there should be units linked to the factories to recycle both industrial and sewage waste; all car wash must comply with EPA rules and regulations by sending loop oil to the specific designations and never dump the used oil into the storm drain systems and there should be a mobile unit to treat the industrial effluent; there should be an agreement on the principle of polluter penalties; transparency is a must to control air pollution from source and non-source point pollution.


3. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)


There should be rules followed by all governments and Private Sectors by doing an EIA and baseline study for any project.


4. Soil Contamination and Desertification


There must be a quick solution and remediation for contaminated soil (oil lakes); stop dumping used oil in evaporation pits; there must be alternatives to protect the natural resources; there must be a long term plan of action to control desertification and to control over-camping on sensitive areas; there should be a local area for camping and the duration for camping should be less than four months.


5. Municipal Waste Management Site


There should be a control in dumping municipal waste in the desert. More than 3000 tons per day are being dumped in the desert; encouragement in the private sector to recycle all types of waste is a must; rehabilitation of old landfills are very important to protect groundwater and the surrounding environment; there should be a strategy for waste management and should be implemented as soon as possible. Al-Qurain is a good example for rehabilitation of an old landfill.


6. Legislation and Environmental Laws


Environmental laws (EPA Laws) should be published as soon as possible and encouraged with incentives and training; presence of an environmental department in each ministry supported by inspectors and lawyers to monitor and protect our environment.


7. Regional and International Cooperation


Cooperation should be enhanced with the Gulf and Arab States with international institutes; Conferences on environment should be increased in the area; Conventions should be implemented in these areas to protect the environment.


8. Financial Fund


In order to protect the environment and enhance the volunteer works in our country, there should be a fund raising. This fund should be funded by government and private sectors.


9. Research


Environmental research should be encouraged to identify the main and general problems; centers of research and laboratories should be adequate for research; there should be exchange of information between scientists and colleges and there should be a bank for environmental information; competition should be encouraged in environmental fields.


10. Other Issues


Protection of Bio-diversity in islands and underground water. There should be full support for the EPA and other environmental parties. Preserved areas for wild life should be increased and Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of wild fauna and flora (CITES) should be implemented.


Dr. Mohammad Al-Sarawi

Conference Coordinator